The GWOTEM was established by Executive Order 13289, 12 March 2003. It is authorized for award to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who deployed abroad for service in the GWOT Operations on or after 11 September, 2001 to a date to be determined. Operations approved the GWOTEM are provided in MILPER Message 09-026 also outlined in a below.
a. Initial award of the GWOTEM. Limited to Servicemembers deployed abroad in support of OEF, OIF, and OND in the following designated specific geographic AOE: Afghanistan, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria (Bourgas), Burkina Faso, Chad, Columbia, Crete, Cyprus, Diego Garcia, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guantanamo Bay (Cuba), Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo (only specific GWOT operations not associated with operations qualifying for the KCM), Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Romania (Constanta), Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen, that portion of the Arabian Sea north of 10 degrees north latitude and west of 68 degrees longitude, Bab El Mandeb, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Aqaba, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Suez, that portion of the Mediterranean Sea east of 28 degrees east longitude and boarding and searching vessel operations, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Strait of Hormuz, and Suez Canal.
b. Effective 30 April 2005, the GWOTEM is no longer authorized to be awarded for service in Afghanistan and/or Iraq. Soldiers are only authorized award of the ACM and ICM after this date. The GWOTEM is authorized for direct support deployments, such as Kuwait or Qatar. See list above.
c. Servicemembers must be assigned, attached or mobilized to a unit participating in designated operations for 30 consecutive days or 60 nonconsecutive days in the AOE, or meet one of the following criteria: (1) Be engaged in actual combat against the enemy and under circumstances involving grave danger of death or serious bodily injury from enemy action, regardless of time in the AOE. (2) While participating in the designated operation, regardless of time, is killed, wounded or injured requiring medical evacuation from the AOE. (3) Servicemembers participating as a regularly assigned air crew member flying sorties into, out of, within, or over the AOE in direct support of ONS, OEF, OIF, or OND are eligible to qualify for award of the GWOTEM. Each day that one or more sorties are flown in accordance with these criteria will count as one day toward the 30 consecutive or 60 nonconsecutive day requirement.
d. The GWOTEM will not be awarded to Soldiers who are deployed/mobilized to an AOE for the purpose of staging operations, with follow on movement into Iraq or Afghanistan in support of Operation Nomad Shadow (ONS), OIF, OEF, and OND.
e. Servicemembers qualified for the GWOTEM by reasons of service before 30 April 2005, in Afghanistan and Iraq, shall remain qualified for the medal. Any such Soldier may be awarded the ACM or the ICM in lieu of the GWOTEM for such service. Additionally, any such Soldier authorized the arrowhead device may be awarded the ACM or ICM with arrowhead in lieu of the GWOTEM with arrowhead device. Soldiers that elect to receive the GWOTEM in lieu of the ACM or ICM are not authorized service stars for those campaigns in which the GWOTEM is awarded. No Soldier shall be entitled to both medals for the same act, achievement, or period of service.
f. On 31 October 2014, the Under Secretary of Defense, Personnel and Readiness approved the GWOTEM for Operation INHERENT RESOLVE for the period beginning on 15 June 2014, and ending on a date to be determined for the following locations: Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, the Mediterranean Sea east of 25 degrees longititude, the Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea. Soldiers must be deployed abroad to one of these designated areas to qualify for the GWOTEM. Currently, there are no battle stars or service stars authorized with the GWOTEM.
A. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 1348.33, VOLUME 2, MANUAL OF MILITARY DECORATIONS AND AWARDS, 23 NOVEMBER 2010, AND CHANGE 1, 31 MAY 2013.
Milper Message Number
GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM EXPEDITIONARY AND SERVICE MEDALS – OPERATION FREEDOM’S SENTINEL
...Issued: [02 Apr 15]...
B. AR 600-8-22 (MILITARY AWARDS), 11 DECEMBER 2006 (RAR 002, 28 JUNE 2013).
C. UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE MEMORANDUM, 11 MARCH 2015, SUBJECT: GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM EXPEDITIONARY AND SERVICE MEDALS – OPERATION FREEDOM’S SENTINEL.
1. THIS MESSAGE WILL EXPIRE ON 31 MARCH 2016.
2. EFFECTIVE 1 JANUARY 2015, OPERATION FREEDOM’S SENTINEL (OFS) IS A QUALIFYING OPERATION FOR AWARD OF THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM EXPEDITIONARY MEDAL (GWOTEM) AND THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM SERVICE MEDAL (GWOTSM).
3. THE SIX APPROVED GWOTEM OPERATIONS ARE AS FOLLOWS:
ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF)
11 SEPTEMBER 2001 – TO BE DETERMINED
IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF)
19 MARCH 2003 – 31 AUGUST 2010
NOMAD SHADOW (ONS)
5 NOVEMBER 2007 – TO BE DETERMINED
NEW DAWN (OND)
1 SEPTEMBER 2010 – 31 DECEMBER 2011
INHERENT RESOLVE (OIR)
15 JUNE 2014 – TO BE DETERMINED
OPERATION FREEDOM’S SENTINEL
1 JANUARY 2015 – TO BE DETERMINED
4. THE GWOTEM IS AUTHORIZED TO SOLDIERS WHO ARE DEPLOYED IN SUPPORT OF AN APPROVED OPERATION IN THE DESIGNATED AREAS OF ELIGIBILITY. THERE IS NO ASSOCIATED DEPLOYMENT REQUIREMENT IN ORDER TO QUALIFY FOR AWARD OF THE GWOTSM. A SOLDIER MUST MEET THE CRITERIA FOR THE AWARD OF THE GWOTEM IN REFERENCE B, PARAGRAPH 2-18 AND THE CRITERIA FOR AWARD OF THE GWOTSM IN REFERENCE B, PARAGRAPH 2-19 BEFORE BEING AWARDED EITHER MEDAL. SOLDIERS MAY BE AWARDED BOTH THE GWOTEM AND GWOTSM IF THEY MEET THE CRITERIA FOR BOTH AWARDS; HOWEVER, THE QUALIFYING PERIOD USED TO ESTABLISH ELIGIBILITY FOR ONE AWARD CANNOT BE USED TO JUSTIFY ELIGIBILITY FOR THE OTHER AWARD.
5. CHANGES ARE EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY AND WILL BE INCORPORATED INTO THE NEXT REVISION OF AR 600-8-22.
6. FOR QUESTIONS REGARDING THIS MESSAGE, CONTACT THE AWARDS AND DECORATIONS BRANCH AT USARMY.KNOX.HRC.MBX.TAGD-AWARDS@MAIL.MIL.